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Smart card

Jan,10th,2015 ; Post by Cardenjoy.com

      What Is a Smart Card?
      A smart card is a small, tamperproof computer. The smart card itself contains a CPU and some non-volatile storage. In most cards, some of the storage is tamperproof while the rest is accessible to any application that can talk to the card. This capability makes it possible for the card to keep some secrets, such as the private keys associated with any certificates it holds. The card itself actually performs its own cryptographic operations.
      Although smart cards are often compared to hard drives, they’re “secured drives with a brain”—they store and process information. Smart cards are storage devices with the core mechanics to facilitate communication with a reader or coupler. They have file-system configurations and the ability to be partitioned into public and private spaces that can be made available or locked. They also have segregated areas for protected information, such as certificates, e-purses, and entire operating systems. In addition to traditional data storage states, such as read-only and read/write, some vendors are working with sub states best described as “add only” and “update only.”
      Smart cards id card have become an expanding industry. They've immense uses in today's some time and are widely-used extensively in almost every domain of life. Smart cards have become popular this can wide application. They've made their presence felt in almost every field including payphones, banking and retail, communication, security control and others. With the use of Internet and e-marketing, smart cards have gained momentum and you will find an array of usages of smart cards.
      In this day and age, it is now quite impossible to advance out, shop or perhaps eat with no smart card. Smart cards have indeed become an integral part of our everyday life because they are very mobile along and employ. These portable cards have made life easier than it used to be before. They function as reliable identification cards and are absolutely safe to use.
      Smart banking cards have multiple uses. They can be used atm cards, credit cards or store value cards. Smart cards also serve as a good personal identification proof. There is an intelligent microchip about the smart card and also on the charge card reader that secures the eye of users, merchants in addition to bank. Lately, smart cards have provided impetus to loyalty programs.

Smart cards currently come in two forms, contact and contactless.
Contact cards require a reader to facilitate the bidirectional connection. The card must be inserted into a device that touches the contact points on the card, which facilitate communication with the card’s chip. Contact cards come in 3-volt and 5-volt models, as do current desktop CPUs. Contact card readers are commonly built into company or vendor-owned buildings and assets, cellular phones, handheld devices, stand-alone devices that connect to a computer desktop’s serial or Universal Serial Bus (USB) port, laptop card slots, and keyboards.
Contactless cards use proximity couplers to get information to and from the card’s chip. An antenna is wound around the circumference of the card and activated when the card is radiated in a specific distance from the coupler. The configuration of the card’s antenna and the coupler facilitate connected states from a couple of centimeters to a couple of feet. The bidirectional transmission is encoded and can be encrypted by using a combination of a card vendor’s hard-coded chip algorithms; randomly generated session numbers; and the card holder’s certificate, secret key, or personal identification number (PIN). The sophistication of the connection can facilitate separate and discrete connections with multiple cards should they be within range of the coupler. Because contactless cards don’t require physical contact with a reader, the usability range is expanded tremendously.

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